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Global and Local Variables in Javascript

Hello, It is our 2nd day of learning Javascript, if you come directly here please check out how the javascript is executing in the backend, how the call stack is created how the Execution context is created, and the flow of execution.

in the simple word if you created the function and assigned the variable ( eg. var n=10) inside it. then the variable only scope up to function, then it is called a Local variable.

I think you understand, what will be the global variable? As you think, the variable assigned outside the function becomes the global variable.

Global Variables:

Global variables are declared outside of any function or block of code. They are accessible throughout the entire program, making them global in scope.

// Global variable
var globalVar = "I am global";

function exampleFunction() {
  // Accessing the global variable inside a function

exampleFunction(); // Output: "I am global"

Local Variables:

Local variables are declared within a function or a block of code. They are only accessible within the function or block where they are declared.

function exampleFunction() {
  // Local variable
  var localVar = "I am local";

exampleFunction(); // Output: "I am local"

// Attempting to access localVar outside the function will result in an error
// console.log(localVar); // This will cause an error

Example how it working in Backend , Execution stack , Call Stack

var g = 10;
function f1() {
  var g = 100;

function f2() {
  var g = 19;


the table show that how the call stack is created and how each function is executed in order.

Execution ContextLocal VariablesConsole LogsCall Stack
Global Contextg = 10[Global Context]
f1 Contextg = 100console.log(100)[f1, Global Context]
f2 Contextg = 19console.log(19)[f2, f1, Global Context]
[f1, Global Context]
console.log(10)[Global Context]
Program Completion[]
The Handrwitten Explaintion of above code.

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