The stored-program computer architecture
is the basis of modern processors. It is a type of computer architecture that stores program instructions in memory, along with data, allowing the processor to access and execute instructions in a systematic and efficient manner.
In the stored-program architecture, programs are stored in memory as a sequence of instructions that the processor can read and execute in a specific order. This is in contrast to earlier computer architectures, which required programs to be manually rewired or physically changed in order to execute different tasks.
With the stored-program architecture, the processor can perform a wide range of tasks by simply loading different programs into memory. This allows for greater flexibility and versatility in computing, and has been a key factor in the development of modern computing systems.
Modern processors typically have multiple cores, allowing them to perform multiple tasks simultaneously. They also include a range of features such as caches, branch prediction, and pipelining, which help to optimize performance and reduce latency.
Overall, the stored-program computer architecture has been a fundamental development in the history of computing, enabling the creation of powerful and versatile processors that are capable of performing complex tasks quickly and efficiently.